Country

 

The country or countries where the intervention was conducted, as reported in the body of the study. 

568 Publications
1958

Method and procedure described with tables and graphs. 12 experimental groups using the California Ethnocentrism Scale. 'Extent of participation in discussion depends upon the amount of learning that has taken place.' 18 references. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

1958

This study examines the relation between attitude position and the acceptance of information. 169 college students served as Ss. The experimental group listened to arguments about racial segregation in a manner intended to produce involvement in the situation while the control group spent time with tasks unrelated to segregation. Attitudes…

1962

It has been suggested (Byrne, 1961a) that the degree of attraction between two individuals is determined by four classes of variables: the structural properties of the environment which act to vary propinquity, the strength of the characteristic affiliation motive of each individual, generalization from previous learning with respect to the…

1968

The attitude change caused by reading selections from children’s literature was determined by means of an attitude scale constructed for this purpose. In this study 437 fifth-grade children participated. Each of the eighteen classrooms was randomly designated a control group, a reading group or a reading plus discussion group so that there were…

1968

56 2-person teams, 28 composed of 2 caucasians and 28 composed of 2 Japanese, played a modified prisoner's dilemma game, 1/2 playing teams of the other race. Ss played the game once between teams and again within teams. in- vs. outgroup cooperation and attitudes were not significamtly different in the racially heterogeneous condition. the…

1969

Investigated the effect of curriculum materials which portray Negroes in a way which is contradictory to prevailing prejudices and stereotypes upon the attitudes toward Negroes of white 2nd-grade school children in a Midwestern city. A pretest-posttest design controlling for the teacher, the classroom, the school, and the reading ability of Ss…

1970

We predicted that discussion would enhance dominant group values, leading to increased polarization between homogeneously composed groups of high-, medium-, and low-prejudice high school subjects. In an experimental condition, group members made individual attitude judgments, discussed them, and remade judgments. Control groups discussed…

1971

Attempted to determine the effects of induced feelings of self-dissatisfaction on long-range changes in values, attitudes, and behavior. By feedback of information about one's own and others' values, attitudes, and behavior, 197 experimental ss were made aware that they held incompatible values concerning equality and freedom, or held values…

1972

It was argued that prejudicc is a likely outcome of simple cognitive structures, and that if a training procedure could be devised which would increase conccptual complexity in the xea of interracial affairs, thcn prejudice would be reduced. Accordingly, a complexity training task was developed which required Ss to engage in uniconceptual or…