Country

 

The country or countries where the intervention was conducted, as reported in the body of the study. 

568 Publications
1972

An experiment was carried out to determine whether attempts to change values would be less successful under conditions of confrontation with a significant other than under conditions of private self-confrontation. Rokeach's value change procedure was used to induce self-dissatisfaction in two experimcntal groups, one under anonymous conditions…

1973

Investigated previous findings that preschool children negatively perceive the color black and black people and positively perceive the color white and white people. Ss were 24 black and 24 white Head Start children. Attempts to modify this finding were made using black and white puppets, contingent reinforcement, color meaning, racial attitude…

1973

This study was an attempt to evaluate two training procedures in facilitating racial preference in kindergarten children. One treatment emphasized perceptual awareness and role-taking ability. The other treatment employed training in conservation and spatial perspective. The major dependent variable was a racial preference test requiring Ss to…

1973

The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether or not certain attitudes could be modified through classical conditioning. It was hypothesized that evaluations of Vietnamese and Afro-Americans would become more favorable after slides of each were paired with the presentation of positively evaluated words. Evaluations were made through…

1973

Used social studies multiethnic materials with 7-7.5 yr old white children in an urban and a rural school to establish what attitude changes would occur, if any, toward black Americans. The treatment effect was based on a teacher-directed reading and discussion of selected social studies books. Results indicate that this treatment effect…

1973

Selected 170 high- and low-prejudiced white male undergraduates using a modified form of the Social Distance Scale. The relative contribution of race and belief factors in social interaction involving the actual presence of majority (group consensus) and minority (a potential ally) group members was then examined. Under exposure to…

1973

Used several pictures portraying varied mixed racial groups of children in either a middle-class suburban setting or a lower-class intercity setting as part of a 1-mo curriculum unit. 128 white 2nd graders in a midwestern metropolitan area were Ss. Results of 5 attitude and stereotype measures (e.g., Clark Doll Test, and L. Horowitz and R. E…

1974

Randomly assigned 400 nonretarded 9th-grade students from 3 suburban junior high schools to experimental and control groups of equal size. In the experimental condition, nonretarded children and 30 educable mentally retarded (EMR) adolescents from the special classes in each school were integrated in nonacademic classes, clubs, and social and…

1975

Tested the effectiveness of 3 separate and relatively unconfounded educational treatments: informational, which presented evidence challenging the current stereotype that Blacks generally trail Whites in socioeconomic achievement because they are lazy; role playing, in which Ss wrote an essay urging that good jobs be created to help the poor…

1975

Examined the effects of competence of group member and group success-failure on interpersonal attraction of White Ss for both White and Black group mates in cooperating interracial groups. Ss were 60 military service men from southern small towns and rural areas. Ss exhibited less attraction for a Black group mate when he performed less…