Country

 

The country or countries where the intervention was conducted, as reported in the body of the study. 

568 Publications
1975

Examined the effects of competence of group member and group success-failure on interpersonal attraction of White Ss for both White and Black group mates in cooperating interracial groups. Ss were 60 military service men from southern small towns and rural areas. Ss exhibited less attraction for a Black group mate when he performed less…

1975

The effect of group success and failure upon interpersonal attraction in cooperating interracial groups was investigated in a 2 * 2 * 2 factorially designed experiment. The level of participation in the group's decision making (high or low) and race (Black or White) served as the additional independent variables. 56 18-21 yr old White male Ss…

1975

The culture assimilator is a procedure designed to train persons from one culture to improve their interpersonal behavior with persons from another culture. The approach is based on the idea that interpersonal effectiveness is optimized when members of 2 cultures make similar attributions concerning the causes of a person's behavior. A…

1976

After being exposed to Canadian-produced "Sesame Street" inserts containing non-White children, 205 3-5 yr old White children showed a strong preference for playing with non-Whites as opposed to Whites. This sharply contrasted with the preferences of a control group not exposed to these inserts. The respondents, all English Canadians, also…

1976

Investigated the effects of helping a less competent member of a cooperating interracial group on the helper's attraction for the recipient of his help. A 2–3 factorially designed experiment was conducted with 64 White US Air Force airmen. The success or failure of the group and race of the recipient served as additional independent variables…

1976

This study attempted to show that a change in ethnocentrism could be accomplished through the use of behavior modification techniques. A total of 18 Caucasian subjects were divided into six groups: three control groups and three experimental groups. In one control and one experimental condition, Ss read statements printed on index cards…

1976

There is a significant lack of evaluative data for program assessment, and such data as exist tend to be intuitive rather than empirical, particularly in the study of programs designed to combat institutional racism and sexism. The present study measures the relative effectiveness of 3 methods, using 1,900 incoming university freshmen as Ss. As…

1977

A programmed culture training manual, developed for nurses working in Pitjantjatjara communities in South Australia, was compared with parallel essay training for effects upon knowledge, attitudes to Aboriginals, and motivation to work with Aboriginals. Two experiments were conducted, one with 14 community welfare workers and the other with 74…

1977

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of listening to excerpts from children's stories about Mexican-Americans on children's attitudes toward Mexican-Americans, self-concepts, and interests. The sample consisted of 220 sixth-graders. Once weekly for six weeks, experimental groups heard excerpts about Mexican-Americans, while…

1977

The present study investigated the conditions that determine when intergroup cooperation will result in increased intergroup attraction. In the first phase of the study groups were led to believe that they were either competing, cooperating, or having no interaction with a second group. The results indicated that competition led to the least…